We grew up learning about this, we are being taught in school about the first aid in case someone is electrocuted, and as we go on in life and get a job, the Health and Safety rule book becomes our best friend from time to time. Still, many times we need to be reminded of some simple rules and advices on how to deal with someone in case of electrical shock. Via the Electrical Safety Council website we found some tips – see the Guide and Advice, First Aid Advice section.
What to do if you believe someone has had, or is getting, an electric shock?
- It may not be immediately clear that someone is getting an electric shock. Smoke won’t be pouring from their ears! If you think someone is suffering from electric shock, approach with extreme caution.
- The first step is to separate the person from the source of electricity as quickly as possibly. The best way of doing this is to turn off the supply, for example by unplugging the appliance or by turning the mains off at the fusebox (consumer unit).
- If this isn’t possible, then try to remove the source of electricity from the person using a piece of insulating material, such as a length of wood.
- NEVER touch the person receiving the electric shock, or you could suffer one too.
- After removing the person from the source of electricity, if the person is unconscious call for an ambulance immediately. Only those with the necessary knowledge and skill should carry out first aid.
- Where the person is conscious and seems well, it is still advisable to monitor their condition, as the effects of an electric shock may not be immediately obvious. In worst case conditions, an electric shock may lead to a condition known as electroporation, where cells within the body rupture, leading to tissue death. Additional problems might include deep-seated burns, muscle damage and broken bones.
Protection from Electrical Shock – use an RCD
Use an RCD. Using an RCD will help to protect you from dangerous electric shocks. Although not a guarantee of absolute safety, it limits the time current can flow through the body if a person comes into contact with a live source of electricity.
It is strongly recommended that anyone using electrical appliances in the garden(like: garden lights, etc) ensures that they are protected by an RCD, preferably one fitted in the main household fusebox (the consumer unit). Alternatively, a dedicated RCD-protected socket or a plug-in RCD should be used.